It is considered that amateur artists perform or produce strictly for their own satisfaction and quite often that of other members of the local community, while making their living some other way (Elkington and Stebbins 2014). However, researchers have discovered that amateur art has significant social (Matarasso 1997), educational, cultural, and even economic impact (Bronner 2009). So who is responsible for financing amateur artists: state, region, municipality, or is it the third sector? Moreover, what are the most efficient public incentives to sustain social and economic effects in the long-term? The overall aim of this study has been to analyse public incentives for amateur arts and to assess their impact on the development of amateur art in the long-term. First, we look at social and economic impact of amateur arts, as well as arguments that can be used for justification of introducing public incentives to support amateur arts. Second, we briefly analyse fiscal measures, which can be applied to amateur arts in Europe. Third, we discuss in detail participation in amateur arts in Latvia and fiscal measures that are applied on a national and local level. Finally, we discuss the most efficient public incentives to sustain social and economic benefits in the long-term.
Modern, liberal societies face a number of overarching challenges: demographic changes; increasing inequality; unemployment and under-employment; political instability; austerity; and ecological, social, and economic unsustainability are challenging established paradigms of political-economy. Current political discourse emphasises market-based approaches to these stressors: we contend it is rather the disciplines of the social sciences, arts, and humanities that have more to say about the resolution of these externalities. In the following we seek to broaden the discourse regarding the role of these disciplines in interpreting and beginning to address social challenges. Our consideration of human values as a complement of monetary values is illustrated practically by three indicative projects conducted by the authors. In each case, we focus on the qualitative impact of these disciplines’ approaches on the participants and their environment. We suggest these activities have transformative potential through providing a platform for reflexion, collaboration, and the building of communities.
Globalization is a prominent, widespread interconnection among countries and relations across all the key human activities beyond the boundary that gradually transformed different countries into one global village. With the rapid and revolutionary development of Technologicalization, the growing modern technology plays a role as a facilitator to intensify and magnify the influential prevalence. This paper aimed at triggering the discussions on the perspectives of the Globalization and Technologicalization to explore the current educational system in Taiwan. From the perspectives of the historical development of machinery to modern tech and the ICT national policies of Singapore and United States, it is obligatory and necessary for people in Taiwan to perceive further insights and probe into the meanings and value of education system in response to the prevailing Globalized Technological Current.