Small populations in isolated places have problems accessing healthcare. The reasons for this are well-explained. However, Australia has rarely considered a transdisciplinary approach, preferring to stay within the existing professional boundaries of education and practice. As the Australian government continues to relinquish its role as a direct service provider, a true transdisciplinary model is required. This article proposes highly trained, experienced allied health workers fulfil the roles of several professions. Implementation of a transdisciplinary approach to allied health services requires a significant shift in policy, funding, existing service delivery structures, and education and training. However, fewer changes are required in practice. All experienced allied health workers should be able to do a holistic assessment that encompasses physical, mental, emotional, and social wellbeing. Small populations will remain reliant on outreach and visiting services travelling from regional centres because they do not have the population mass to support a range of healthcare professionals or the potential to recruit 0.2 of a speech therapist, 0.3 of a physiotherapist, and 0.5 of a social worker. To change a system reliant on unavailable specialist professionals, a transdisciplinary solution is critical. The approach needed from policy, funding bodies, and service delivery organisations is outlined, but are practitioners up to the challenge?
In this article we explore East Asian students’ lives beyond performance in high-stakes testing regimes. We surveyed 123 P5 students (eleven years old) from one school in a low socioeconomic area of Hong Kong about what they liked doing at school. We linked these questions to others asking what they wished they could do more of, as well as if they felt their teachers and friends showed that they liked them and if they enjoyed school. The results showed that the majority of students reported that they both liked school (83%) and felt liked by their teachers and friends (81.3%). Further, the data showed that if students indicated that they liked an activity “a lot,” this was linked to their perception that their teachers and friends liked them. The top three items that the students wished they could do more of were using computers for learning (59.3%); playing sports (52.8%); and playing in a bigger play area (43.9%). Girls tended to like the school activities more than the boys.
Existing theories of international relations (IR) have so far been unable to deal with the challenges presented by emerging forms of cyberattack. This article presents a way to integrate the kinds of cyberattack that were seen in the 2016 American presidential election into existing IR theories. Additionally, within the framework of structural realism, it introduces the concept of cyber soft balancing, including but not limited to information warfare, and argues that this will become a permanent feature of great power competition and conflict.